松田(2016)

松田一希
フィールド研究の再現性とは何か?
Reproducibility of field science in non-human primates
【論文PDF】

Non-human primates live in a variety of habitats and exhibit diverse social systems. They vary in demographics (group sizes and age-sex class composition); as well as social cohesiveness. Therefore, inter and intra-specific variations in the behaviours of wild primates are commonly observed, resulting in difficulties with generalizing species or group specific behaviours. Despite this, studies investigating general patterns of primate behaviours and social systems often receive much attention in high impact journals, with a disproportionate decrease in priority for descriptive and/or case studies such as observations of predation events on primates, or anecdotal descriptions of unique behaviours. This seems to ignore the fact that most comprehensive models for primates, such as socio-ecological models, were formulated based on long-term accumulation of simple descriptive studies and/or case studies. The general academic values for scientific publication needs to be re-examined, with a suggested priority shift back towards the publication of basic scientific information, in order to contribute to further development in the field of primatological science.

Keywords: Field science; Non-human primate; Primatology; Socio-ecological model; Wildlife

野生霊長類は,複雑な生態系の中で,生息環境の様々な変化に柔軟に対応しながら生活している。異種間であればもちろんのこと,同一種内であっても生息する環境や群れのサイズの違いによって,その行動パターンに違いが見られることが知られている。このような状況の中,フ1ィールドで野生霊長類と向き合う研究者が,どのように収集データの再現性をとらえているのか,また野生霊長類で見られる行動の多様性を,どのように解釈するべきなのかを検討した。

キーワード:野外研究;フィールド;霊長類;社会生態学モデル;野生動物
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